A hernia is a condition in which an organ becomes displaced and protrudes through a cavity in the surrounding tissue
(fascia) or muscle containing it. It is caused by a combination of fascia or muscle weakness and excessive pressure.
Here, the strain is what pushes the organ through an opening (weak spot).
Improper lifting of heavy loads, chronic diarrhoea or constipation, persistent coughing or sneezing, obesity, smoking and overall poor nutrition can all contribute to hernias. Age, pregnancy, injuries and surgery may result in muscle weakness, which, in turn, leads to hernias.
Hernias may be painless and asymptomatic, or may only cause mild to moderate discomfort. However, apart from umbilical hernias, most types of hernias do not go away on their own, and left untreated, can lead to serious complications.
A hernia may be repaired in two ways: