The medical fraternity still can’t pinpoint why bulges and pockets form. Doctors speculate that
a key factor is a low-fibre diet. The theory is that such a diet leads to a lack of bulk in the stool,
causing the colon to work harder.
The stress may lead to weak spots along the organ, leading to the formation of pockets. Doctors
suspect that the inflammation or infection arises from the bacteria growing in the pockets.
Switching to a high-fibre diet after the formation of diverticuli will not reverse the condition.
Lasting between a few hours and a week or more, these include:
- Pain over area of inflammation (usually in the lower left side) that worsens sometimes when you
- Bloating and gas
- Loose stools
- Nausea and vomiting
- Lack of appetite
Severe infection can cause perforation and abscess that require hospitalisation and perhaps surgery. Sometimes, the
perforation reaches the adjacent organs such as the bladder. This could
lead to a fistula
— which is an unusual
connection between the colon and the bladder — and thus the passing of flatus and/or faeces out with the urine.
Patients with recurring bouts of diverticulitis have to be aware of changes in their bowel habits, because repeated
infections can lead to scarring and narrowing of the colon.